Top 15 Trending Web Development Technologies 2020

Web Development Technologies


There was a time when HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, PHP, and MySQL were used to be the main web development technologies to develop a website or web application. However, with the emergence of several new web development technologies, tools, frameworks, and languages in the last few years, it has now become quite challenging for one to decide what to learn (and what to skip).

Nowadays, whether you’re a novice planning to kick-start your career in web development or already a veteran web developer looking to up your skill set, keeping yourself up with the latest and trending web development technologies is always a wise idea. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular web development technologies that you should seek to learn for becoming an expert full stack web developer.

The Most Popular & Trending Web Development Technologies

#The MEAN Stack

The MEAN stack has emerged as one of the most popular web development technologies due to its powerful conglomerate of open-source JavaScript-based web development technologies:

  • MongoDB: A cross-platform, document-oriented database program.
  • Express.js: A framework designed for building web applications and APIs.
  • AngularJS: A front-end web application framework developed and maintained by Google.
  • Node.js: A server-side JavaScript run-time environment built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine.

Leveraging the power of web development tools and technologies comprised in the MEAN stack, you can create a website or application in pure JavaScript. While MEAN began to gain popularity a few years ago, it’s now in full swing and being used on a large scale as one of the key web development technologies by major companies such as Netflix, Google, PayPal, and Uber.

#PHP and LAMP Stack

While PHP is one of the oldest and most popular web development technologies on the internet today, the LAMP stack stands for a combination of three open-source web development technologies – the Linux OS, the Apache HTTP Server, and the MySQL database management system – with the PHP.

Most developers today keep PHP in their web development technologies stacks, either to add functionalities that HTML is unable to handle or to interact with databases powered by the MySQL. Even WordPress, the popular CMS powering over 31% of the web, also takes advantage of all the web development technologies included in the LAMP stack to produce great results.

#Python and Django

With over 5,000 job postings worldwide, Python has been one of the most popular and trending web development technologies over the last few years. If you haven’t added Python to your set of to-learn web development technologies yet, it’s now the perfect time to start learning this high-level programming language already fueling scientific computing, machine learning, and data mining.

Popular Programming Languages

Being a general-purpose programming language, Python can be used in a number of web development scenarios, like implementing command line scripts and creating GUI and web applications. When learning Python, don’t forget to get your hands on other Python-based web development technologies and frameworks like Django or Flask for rapid development.

#Ruby and Ruby on Rails

Ruby is one of the modern web development technologies that has taken the Internet by storm. It’s a dynamic, object-oriented programming language being used by Basecamp, Twitter and other notable websites. What makes Ruby different and better from other modern web development technologies is an elegant syntax that is very easy to write and read.

When used perfectly with Ruby on Rails, a server-side MVC web application framework, Ruby makes developing modern web applications a breeze. Since more and more servers are now supporting Ruby, mastering Rails will definitely solidify your web development technologies and skills set.

#React.js and Vue.js

React.js is an open-source JavaScript library developed and maintained by Facebook, facilitating developers to build interactive user interfaces and single-page or mobile applications. Simplicity, flexibility, and versatility are three main aspects that make React.js one of the most sought-after web development technologies.

Popular Web Development Technologies

Image Source: Stack Overflow

And if you’re looking for something really lightweight that offers everything you get with Angular and React web development technologies, Vue.js – another open-source JavaScript framework – comes to your rescue. With over 167k stars on Github, the demand for Vue.js developers is constantly growing since more and more companies are adding this progressive JavaScript framework to their web development technologies stacks.


ASP.NET is an open-source server-side web framework for building dynamic and modern websites, web applications and web services using the Microsoft’s .NET framework. Coupled with MS SQL, Microsoft’s own version of the SQL database, it allows developers to create simple, fast and scalable websites and apps based on leading-edge web development technologies like HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript.

ASP.NET Survey

Owing to its MVC architecture and unparalleled support for Windows, ASP.NET and MS SQL are proudly being used by several world’s leading brands like GoDaddy, Dell, Diply and Stack Overflow. Since .NET has now become completely open-source, you can expect ASP.NET to become even more popular as one of the main web development technologies in 2020 and upcoming years.


When it comes to cutting-edge backend web development technologies, Laravel comes in advance. Right from the day it was launched, this open-source PHP Framework has been helping web developers to build state-of-the-art web applications based on the model– view–controller (MVC) architecture.

Top Website Categories

Image Source: SimilarTech

The main reason why Laravel is counted among the best modern web development frameworks is its unique set of features inspired by other non-PHP frameworks such as Ruby on Rails and Django. Consisting of several handy object-oriented libraries, Laravel makes the web application development much faster, secure, and easier.


Developed and maintained by Microsoft, TypeScript is an open-source programming language that is used together with JavaScript to leverage advanced features like Static Type-checking and Function Overloading. Essentially, it is a Superset of JavaScript, allowing you to scale and address the shortcomings of JS during the development of large-scale applications.

With the introduction and growing popularity of Angular (not to be confused with AngularJS), TypeScript has gained a lot of traction as one of the most trending web development technologies in last two years. So if you’re going to learn Angular 2, make sure to become well-proficient in TypeScript first.


Although Swift is an open source general-purpose programming language developed by Apple for macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS, it is now gradually being ported to the web with the introduction of various web development technologies and frameworks such as Perfect, Vapor, and IBM’s Kitura.

With its continuously growing popularity and usage, it will undoubtedly be one among the main web development technologies in the near future. So consider Swift if you want to be an expert in both the mobile app and web development.


Often referred to as “Golang,” Go is a relatively new open source programming language that Google introduced back in 2009. It helps developers build simple, reliable, and efficient websites and web applications that do not take up much memory.

One of the main reasons why this language is so popular is its minimal syntax and smooth learning curve. According to a survey carried out by HackerEarth, Go scores as the top language professional developers want to learn in 2020.

Web Development Survey

Being extremely lightweight and having active support of multi-threading, Go has become the go-to choice for businesses relying heavily on distributed systems.

#Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI), with its subset Machine Learning, is another cutting-edge technology that is piloting an exemplar shift in the world of web development.

While this innovative technology is already being used aggressively by the world’s top firms such as Google, Apple, Microsoft, Facebook, Twitter, and others, AI has a profound impact on WordPress in the form of plugins as well.

The most widespread use of AI and Machine Learning in web development is Chatbots (or often called the Bots) that offers you an effective way to premium quality customer services. Other prominent usages include analytics and multitasking solutions.

According to a survey conducted by Constellation, the AI market will surpass $100B by 2025, and so we can say, AI will not lose ground in 2020.

Web Development Survey


Because of being highly efficient and powerful, Blockchain technology can bring revolutionary changes to web development space in terms of data security and transparency.

While this breakthrough technology is paving its way to reshaping the future of mobile app development, it is also gradually transforming the way WordPress works.

Especially businesses from the financial, the educational, and healthcare sectors firmly believe their data is more secured with Blockchain as it does not require any intermediaries.

With global spending on blockchain solutions projected to reach $15.9 billion by 2023, Blockchain is all set to be the most demanded web development technology in the time to come.

Blockchain Solution Graph

#Internet of Things (IoT)

Another trending web development technology is the much-talked-of Internet of Things. You can find its use in all domains, from healthcare to education to logistics.

Smart devices, such as Smart TV, Smart Watches, and Smart voice assistant speakers like Siri, are now a part of our daily life.

All these devices run through websites and mobile apps, which is an ideal example of integration between software, hardware, and the Internet.

This integration is continuously rising and will control the direction of web development in the years to come.

Gartner forecasts that there will be around 25 billion interconnected IoT devices by 2021. This unbelievable rise in the number of IoT devices will have a profound impact on web development in the coming years.

#Virtual & Augmented Reality

Over the past couple of years, the rapid growth in internet speed access to the general public has facilitated the users to consume bandwidth-heavy content, like live videos, 360° images, 360° videos, virtual reality videos, interactive videos, and more.

Consequently, numerous reputed companies like Google, YouTube, and Microsoft leveraging the power of AR and VR on their websites. For instance, nowadays, you can watch original recordings and YouTube recordings on VR headsets.

With WordPress now offering a variety of 360° view plugins as well as supporting the embedding of 360° photos and VR content, AR and VR are all set to change the way how websites and applications interact in the future.


Although Kotlin is the preferred language for Android app development, it is now being used to creating web applications and services through web frameworks such as Ktor, Javalin, Spark, and Jooby.

Like Swift, Kotlin has also started gaining traction among web developers, and therefore we can expect it to be among the trending web development technologies in 2020 and beyond.

Want to incorporate any of the above web development technologies into your web development project? Contact us to discuss!

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